First blog post of the year! Whoop whoop!

This post is brought to you by the lovely, endlessly brilliant Dr. Christina Mossaad as is a result of answering a science question for our exclusive, Patreon-only NFMSS Facebook group. Each member of this group get’s to ask one question a month DIRECTLY to our scientists. We response with peer-reviewed science and graphics!

Here goes:

What is the science behind the Dark Circle Under Eye Treatment and how does it differ from the eye cream?

Most of our answers take a look at the ingredients because it is the content and synergistic effect that is helping with the innovative benefit of these products. The Dark Circle Eye Treatment is no exception, the use of all the ingredients including Aloe vera, Caffeine, Pomegranate extract, Suma Root extract, and (!!!)Β πŸ₯’πŸ₯’πŸ₯’πŸ₯’πŸ₯’Β Cucumber extract has a reported 122% reduction result on Dark circles (as reported by SeneGence). But let’s take a close look at these ingredients to see their results in a larger sampling and application timeline.

Aloe has well-known effectiveness as an anti-inflammatory and moisturizer and Polyacrylamide is a film-forming agent to hold the effective formula in place. Pfaffia Paniculata (Suma) root extract has been found to have 90% improvement in the appearance of periocular hyperpigmentation. Muira puama will have to be left as a big old question mark right now, it is historically used as an aphrodisiac and helping correct disorders of desire and hormonal imbalance. Let’s assume that is not why it is hereΒ πŸ₯’πŸ₯’Β πŸ˜…πŸ˜…πŸ˜…πŸ˜‚Β . It is referenced in one article, but I do not have access to it to form a conclusion (noted below). Green tea leaf extract improves skin viscoelasticity/elasticity ratios, improves skin moisture content, and reduces skin roughness. Pomegranate extract has been found to be very effective in many capacities in medicine, but in this case, the anti-inflammatory effects are the most desirable as dark circles under the eye have been linked to many causes including environmental, drug use links, and systemic effects linked to allergies. Lily Flower extract is used as a skin conditioner and if you haven’t read our links on cucumber extract, here they are again as one of the causes of under eye circles can be an excess of skin melanin and this extract has been found to reduce this effect. Get some of this fruit at the store too, it is awesome (Debbie J Benson, here is your friendly reminderΒ πŸ₯’πŸ₯’πŸ₯’Β πŸ˜‰)! And Finally caffeine!!Β β˜•β˜•β˜•β˜•This magic molecule does not only help many of us to wake up and function in the morning stimulating our nervous system and helping our cognitive function throughout the day, but in the case of transdermal skin delivery, it increases subcutaneous vascularization and has strong antioxidant effects!

These ingredients coalesce to reduce the intraorbital circles that develop for a variety of reasons and it is recommended to follow up this application with a moisturizer, such as an eye cream or day or night moisturizer. The eye cream differs in that its key function is intensive moisturization for the eye area rather than decreasing the melanin and inflammation noted in the eye area as the Dark Circle Treatment addresses.

References:

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23377386Β (Suma Extract)
Samara Eberlin Ph.D., et al, Effects of a Brazilian herbal compound as a cosmetic eyecare for periorbital hyperchromia, Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology, June, 2009 (Muira Puama)
https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23742288Β (green tea leaf)
https://www.hindawi.com/journals/bmri/2014/686921/Β (pomegranate)
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/…/j.1524-4725.2009.0121…/fullΒ (studying under eye circle causes) alsoΒ https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/BF02734233
http://www.jarcp.com/3050-evaluating-the-potential-benefits… (cucumber reference!)
http://www.academicjournals.org/…/article1380726732_Akhtar%…(additional cucumber reference)

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4924417/Β (caffeine)
https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/…/2de4d02a0984c30814f1d8ad…

Dark Circle Under Eye Treatment:
Water/ Eau/ Aqua, Aloe Barbadensis (Aloe Vera) leaf juice, Polyacrylamide, Pfaffia Paniculata (Suma) Root Extract, Ptychopetalum Olaciodes (Muira Puama) Bark/Stem Extract, Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Leaf Extract, Punica Granatum (Pomegranate) Extract, Lilium Candidum (Lily) Flower Extract, Saccharomy Cescerevisiae Extract, Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Fruit Extract, Caffeine, Lactobacillus Ferment Lysate, Ethylhexylglycerin, Hexylene Glycol, Lactobacillus Ferment, Lauroyl Lysine, Peg-40 Hydrogenated Castor Oil, C13-14 Isoparaffin, Butylene Glycol.
(Caffeine – an antioxidant most shown to repair damage and slow the aging process.
Saccharomyces Cerevisiae Extract – a skin-conditioning agent used in cosmetics and beauty care products because of its ability to improve skin conditions.
Punica Granatum (Pomegranate) Extract – a super-anti-oxidant with astringent and anti-bacterial and inflammatory properties.
Camellia Sinensis (Green Tea) Extract – Protects collagen from being broken down.) [from the Seneweb]

Eye Cream:
Cyclomethicone, Squalane, C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate, Synthetic Beeswax, Aluminum Starch Octenylsuccinate, Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Sweet Almond) Oil, Simmondsia Chinensis (Jojoba) Seed Oil, Aluminum/Magnesium Hydroxide Stearate, Boron Nitride, Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil, Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil, Aleurites Moluccana Seed Oil, Macadamia Ternifolia Seed Oil, Glycine Soja (Soybean) Oil, Tocopherol, Retinyl Palmitate, Zea Mays (Corn) Oil, Cholecalciferol, Orchid Extract, Glucosamine HCL, Algae Extract, Yeast Extract, Urea, BHT, Phenoxyethanol, Methylparaben, Butylparaben, Ethylparaben, Propylparaben, Violet 2 (CI 60725), Red 17 (CI 26100)
(SenePlex Complexβ„’ – Kinetic Enzyme that increases cellular renewal.
Prunus Amygdalus Dulcis (Sweet Almond) Oil – non-greasy oil is easily absorbed, and helps to leave the skin soft and satiny smooth.
Simmondsia Chinensis – Jojoba Seed Oil (Simmondsia Chinensis Seed Oil) acts as a moisturizer and emollient agent to improve the skin’s elasticity and suppleness, containing natural Tocopherol to minimize oxidation and lipid pre-oxidation.
Helianthus Annuus (Sunflower) Seed Oil – Used as an emollient it acts as a barrier and healing agent; charged with vitamins A, D and E, Sunflower oil is also rich in minerals and unsaturated fatty acids (linoleic and oleic acids).
Persea Gratissima (Avocado) Oil – a very rich, moisturizing treatment for skin, with natural sunscreen properties. It is a very stable oil that contains lecithin and more than 20 percent essential unsaturated fatty acids. The age of skin is partly determined by its content of soluble collagen. A recent study found it significantly increases the water-soluble collagen content in the dermis while offering protection from ultraviolet rays.
Aleurites Moluccana (Kukui) Seed Oil – referred to as the Candlenut; used for its soothing properties.
Macadamia Ternifolia Seed Oil – a plant-derived vegetable oil that has rapid skin penetration and leaves a velvety feel.
Glycine Soja (Soybean) Oil – a natural selective estrogen receptor modulator (or phytoestrogen), mimics the effects of estrogen to counteract the negative effects of estrogen loss on the skin; proven to improve skin hydration, smoothness, and firmness.
Zea Mays (Corn) Oil – an emollient rich in essential fatty acids (required for cellular repair) and Tocopherols.
Cymbidium Grandiflorum (Orchid) Flower Extract – a plant native to the South Pacific, which has long been a source of excellence for the preparation of emollient products. This powerful anti-oxidant provides free-radical protection and maximum moisturization. The orchid extract is very effective as a sunscreen.) (from the SeneWeb)

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